Maps of the Islands that is canary drawn William Dampier during their voyage to New Holland in 1699.
The castilians imposed a new economic model, based on single-crop cultivation: first sugar cane; then wine, an important item of trade with England after the conquest. In this age, the first organizations of colonial government were launched. Both Gran Canaria and Tenerife, a Spanish colony since 1495, had split governors.
The towns and cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife became a stopping point for the Spanish conquerors, traders, and missionaries on the option to the latest World. This trade route brought prosperity that is great a number of the social sectors regarding the islands. The islands became quite rich and quickly were attracting merchants and adventurers from all over Europe. Magnificent palaces and churches had been built on the island of La Palma in this busy, prosperous period. The Church of El Salvador survives among the area's best types of the architecture of the 1500s.
The Canaries' wealth invited assaults by pirates and privateers. Ottoman Turkish privateer and admiral Kemal Reis ventured to the Canaries in 1501, while Murat Reis the Elder captured Lanzarote in 1585.
Probably the most attack that is severe invest 1599, during the Dutch War of Independence. A Dutch fleet of 74 vessels and 12,000 males, commanded by Johan Van der Does, attacked the capital, Las Palmas, that has been home to gran that is nearly half's populace). The Dutch attacked the Castillo de la Luz, which guarded the harbor. The Canarians evacuated civilians through the populous town, plus the Castillo surrendered ( not the city). The Dutch moved inland, but Canarian cavalry drove them back into Tamaraceite, near the city.
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Four years following the autumn of Granada therefore the reunification of Christian Spain, the Catholic monarchs could now commemorate among the nation’s first imperial exploits – the subjugation in only 94 years of a tiny Atlantic archipelago defended by Neolithic tribes. However, some difficulty was had by the Spaniards in completely controlling the Guanches. Many refused to settle within the towns founded by the colonists, preferring to live their old-fashioned lives out of reach associated with the authorities.
Nonetheless, the Guanches were destined to disappear completely. Although available hostilities had ceased, the conquistadors proceeded shipping them as slaves to Spain. Remaining Guanches had been converted en masse to Christianity, accepting Christian names and the surnames of their new godfathers that are spanish - http://data.Gov.uk/data/search?q=spanish.
A number of the slaves could be permitted and freed to come back to your islands. Although the almost all them had been dispossessed of the land, they quickly started initially to assimilate with all the colonisers. All that comes down to us today are the islands’ many Guanche place names within a century, their language had all but disappeared: except for a handful of words.
Through the very early sixteenth century, Gran Canaria and Tenerife in specific attracted a steady blast of settlers from Spain, Portugal, France, Italy as well as Britain. Each island had unique local authority, or cabildo insular, although increasingly these people were overshadowed by the Royal Court of Appeal, established in Las Palmas in 1526. Sugar cane was indeed introduced from the Portuguese island of Madeira, and soon sugar became the Canaries’ primary export.